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The following file is the property of the 34th Infantry Division Association and Patrick Skelly, webmaster. Thanks to Patrick and the Association for allowing me to post them here.
 

History, 133rd Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division

From 1 April 1944 to 30 April 1944, inclusive.

ANZIO BEACHHEAD

     The Regiment remained in its reserve positions in the vicinity of  Tre Cancelli. An intensive training program was conducted with night  problems, scouting and patrolling, pillbox destruction and combat  efficiency and physical hardening of the individual were emphasized.  Colonel H. W. Schildroth assumed command of the Regiment on April 8th.  Plans were drawn to relieve the 168th Infantry taking over their  positions in the vicinity of Borgo Montello.  The relief was completed  on the night of April 14th, 3rd Battalion on the left, 2nd Battalion in  the middle, 1st Battalion on the right with the 100th Inf Bn (Sep) in  support.

     Immediately upon relief of the 168th Infantry intensive patrolling  was conducted.  Defensive positions and gun emplacements were improved  and well dug in.  Platoon and company raids were planned and carried  out.  Information of enemy activity, mortar and machine gun positions  was secured.  Counter-battery plans were drawn and used.  Company  patrols were sent out nightly probing enemy positions.

     The 1st Battalion put on a company raid on the night of April 23rd  which netted 4 prisoners, 2 killed and 1 enemy wounded.  On the night of  the 24th the 3rd Battalion 168th Infantry passed through our 3rd  Battalion seized and occupied Boye woods, 2 prisoners were taken.  The  following night our 3rd Battalion relieved the 3rd Battalion 168th  Infantry taking over their positions.  During the night of April 26th a  small enemy counter-attack on the 3rd Battalion positions was repulsed.

     On the night of April 27th the 1st and 2nd Battalions sent out  platoon raiding parties.  Numerous enemy machine gun positions were  located.  Enemy patrols were encountered, the 2nd Battalion party was  fired on by enemy mortars and suffered 2 wounded and 3 men missing.  On  the night of April 28th the 100th Battalion company raid, supported by  Company "I", used as a feinting force, met strong enemy resistance from  small arms fire and hand grenades.  Enemy mortar and machine gun  positions were located and taken under fire by our mortar and artillery  fire.

     During the period all units of the Regiment constantly improved  their positions, digging in emplacements which were strengthened by  timbers, sandbags and other available materials.  Raids and vigorous  patrolling were constant during hours of darkness.  Observation and  Listening Posts were established and manned continuously.  Many enemy  minefields, wire entanglements and booby traps were located.  Enemy  Pillboxes and dugouts were well constructed and concealed.  Houses,  buildings and knocked-out tanks were converted into strong points and  observation posts by the enemy.  The enemy held high ground to the front  affording them excellent observation, making daylight movement  impossible without drawing enemy mortar and artillery fire.

     Enemy artillery was very active throughout the period, especially  during hours of darkness.  The entire beachhead area was within  artillery range.  Our raiding parties, observers and listening posts  located many targets of opportunity which were fired upon by our Cannon  Company and supporting artillery with excellent results.

     At the beginning of the period enemy air activity was almost a  nightly occurrence, dropping to almost nil at the end of the period.  Supporting anti-aircraft batteries were very effective against enemy  aircraft.  The enemy fired and dropped numerous propaganda leaflets upon  our area which our troops considered amateurish.  They had no deterring  effect upon our troops.

     Officers and enlisted men attended Division schools.  A limited  number of Officers and men were given the opportunity to attend rest  camps during the period.  Rotation personnel were selected and sent to  the rear echelon awaiting transportation to the United States.

     This period reveals success as it is felt that the enemy suffered  more casualties and prisoners by our actions than we have lost to them.  Morale of our troops throughout the period was comparatively high.

          W. H. SCHILDROTH.

          Colonel, Infantry.

          Commanding.

     OFFICIAL:

     s/Donald L Nabity

     DONALD L. NABITY.

     Captain, Infantry.

     Adjutant.


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34th Infantry Division 133rd Infantry Regiment Rifle Company 1st Battalion A World War II 2 Italy