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The following file is the property of the 34th Infantry Division Association and Patrick Skelly, webmaster. Thanks to Patrick and the Association for allowing me to post them here.
 

History, 133rd Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division

From 1 June 1944 to 30 June 1944, inclusive.

BATTLE FOR ROME

     On 1 June 1944 the Regiment continued its attack toward Lanuvio.  The enemy had a well established defense line with well established  dugouts and camouflaged gun emplacements.  The Third Battalion was the  point in the assault which progressed slowly against heavy machine gun,  mortar, self-propelled artillery, and small arms fire.  Vigorous  patrolling was attempted but in most cases the patrol was pinned down by  enemy fire.  Our assault was determined to break the German line and  break out of the stagnant Anzio beachhead.

     The Third Battalion, with three companies abreast on the line,  continued the assault, bringing strong pressure upon the enemy located  on Hill 193, south-west of the town of Lanuvio.  The Germans attempted a  counterattack which was repulsed with heavy enemy losses of men and  equipment.  Our Third Battalion also suffered heavy casualties.  Replacements were received during the night to bolster the strength of  the Regiment.  The Third Battalion was relieved by the First Battalion  and hastily reorganized.  German resistance began to show signs of  weakening as many prisoners were captured and heavy casualties  inflicted.

     The First Battalion, at 0930 hours, 2 June 1944, resumed the  attack and moved out without an artillery preparation.  Heavy German  resistance continued and considerable self-propelled artillery fire was  encountered, but the First Battalion continued the advance taking Hill  203 and pushing on to take Hill 193.  At all times vigorous patrolling  was accomplished.  The Second Battalion had also begun to push and make  favorable progress along the railroad bed running into Lanuvio.  Tanks  and tank destroyers were employed in support of our troops and  contributed to the progress of the Regiment.  At 1958 hours, the  Regimental Commander prepared plans for a night assault which was to  employ the First and Second Battalions supported by tank destroyers,  which were to be also used as personnel carriers in the event of an  enemy retreat.  The battalions were to attack straight north with two  companies per battalion abreast.  The attack commenced at 0200 hours, 3  June 1944, with prepared mortar harassing fire.  Strong German  resistance was encountered.  The advance was slow and heavy casualties  were sustained by our tired troops, however, our troops continued to  push forward.  A motorized patrol was sent into Lanuvio and the Second  Battalion advanced into the town.  The other battalions swept around to  the left of Lanuvio and continued to push toward Genzano.  German  resistance thereafter quickly crumbled in this sector.  Genzano, Arricia  and Albano were taken without resistance on 4 June 1944.

     The Regiment rested for the balance of the night and in the  morning of 5 June marched over 15 miles to an assembly point a few miles  south of Rome.  The Regiment received orders to move to the vicinity of  Caserta della Cavella, 12 miles west of Rome, and proceeded to the new  assembly area on 6 June.  Transportation was limited and delayed by  blown bridges necessitating shuttling of the troops.

BATTLE FOR CIVITAVECCHIA

     On 7 June 1944, the Regiment moved to the vicinity of  Civitavecchia, Italy and the First Battalion immediately went into  action.  The enemy was retreating rapidly, blowing bridges, burning  fields and houses in their wake.  The progress was fast with little or  no opposition.  Rome's main port, Civitavecchia, was captured with  little or no opposition and we continued to pursue the retreating enemy  to the North.

BATTLE FOR TARQUINIA

     German resistance in the hills South of Tarquinia was determined  to stop our advance.  Our troops made contact with a new German unit  which had an established defense line.  This defense line was destroyed  and the Germans disorganized by our forceful attack which killed many of  them and resulted in the capture of over a hundred prisoners.

     Our troops continued the attack and would have captured Tarquinia,  but the Regiment was ordered to halt and relieved the night of 8-9 June.   The Regiment assembled for a short rest period near Civitavecchia.  On  10 June we moved to another rest area near Tarquinia.

REST AND TRAINING AREA, TARQUINIA

     The Regiment remained in the rest area, vicinity of Tarquinia  during the period 10-25 June.  At the beginning of the period a  considerable portion of the time was spent bathing, cleaning and  replacing equipment.  A training program emphasizing small unit tactics,  scouting and patrolling, both day and night, offensive combat problems  and firing of all weapons was carried out.  Throughout the period,  troops were sent to the Rest Center in Rome, and 12 hour passes were  issued to the troops to visit Rome.  Movies were shown nightly and  decorations presented.

BATTLE FOR CECINA

     On 26 June 44, the Regiment was back into combat and attacking in  the vicinity of Piombino.  Resistance encountered was light, but  numerous mines and booby traps were encountered.  The terrain began to  be rough, so the troops marched on foot over the mountains, making good  progress.  Upon reaching Servereto [Suvereto], strong resistance was met  and casualties were inflicted on our troops.  Approximately one hundred  Italian partisans joined the Second Battalion, and gave valuable  assistance guiding the troops and assisting in the capture of German  prisoners.

     Campiglia was captured on 27 June with little resistance.  The  First Battalion encountered stiff opposition, but the balance of the  Regiment continued the advance through the wooded mountains.  The town  of Vincenzo [San Vincenzo] was captured before midnight after a stiff  fight.  The fight continued past the town.  The First Battalion was the  point, the Second Battalion on the right flank and the Third Battalion  on the left flank.  Stiff flanking attacks delayed our advance somewhat,  but progress continued over rough terrain.  Casualties were light.   Prisoners were captured and several enemy vehicles were knocked out by  the Cannon Company.

     The Regimental Commander laid plans to cut the road to Castagneto  and to trap the enemy troops in that area.  The town of Castagneto was  captured and the Second Battalion took numerous prisoners, enemy  vehicles and equipment as the Germans evacuated the town.  The  Commanding General of the 34th Infantry Division was most pleased with  the progress of the Regiment.

     The town of Campiglia was the next objective.  At 0315 hours, 28  June, the First Battalion began the attack and made favorable progress.  Prisoners were streaming in.  About two hundred in all were captured  plus enemy vehicles and equipment,  As usual, the enemy was blowing up  bridges and retreating rapidly.  Italian partisans again offered great  assistance as guides, pointing out mined areas and trails to our troops.

     The Regiment entered Staz di Castagneto on 29 June with little  resistance.  The Third Battalion continued on to cross the river, the  Second Battalion captured Bibbona, and then the entire Regiment moved  rapidly to bypass Cecina.  At Cecina the enemy offered strong and  determined resistance, making good use of self-propelled guns,  pill-boxes, and dug-in emplacements.  The Third Battalion attacked at  2230 hours, 30 June, but was flanked by the enemy.  After a hard fight,  the Third Battalion was relieved to reorganize.  The attack continued  during the night, meeting stiff opposition.  Enemy mines delayed the  advance.  A considerably[sic] number of Germans were killed and our  troops also suffered casualties.

          W. H. SCHILDROTH,

          Colonel, Infantry,

          Commanding.

     OFFICIAL:

     s/Donald L. Nabity

     DONALD L. NABITY,

     Captain, Infantry,

     Adjutant.


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34th Infantry Division 133rd Infantry Regiment Rifle Company 1st Battalion A World War II 2 Italy